PAPUA NEW GUINEA
- Surface area: 462 840 km2
1. LAWS OF METROLOGY
- (i)Trade Measurement Act 1978 and Weights and Measures Regulation
- (ii) National Institute of Standards and Industrial
1993 packaging Act 1978
- (iii)Packaging Act 1978
1.1 Legal requirements for traceability
- (i) Trade Measurement Act 1978
- (ii) NISIT Act 1993
2. LEGAL UNITS OF MEASUREMENT
- Papua New Guinea declared the SI units as
legal units of measurement
in this country in 1980. Any other units
of measurement other than the
SI units used for trade purposes in PNG is
3. STRUCTURE OF METROLOGICAL CONTROL AUTHORITIES
3.1 National organisation for legal metrology
- In Papua New Guinea, this consists of two
- (i) National Institute of Standards and Industrial
* advanced legal metrology;
* bulk measuring instruments and;
* pattern approval.
- (ii) Consumer Affairs Council for routine
consumer protection areas,
- * mechanical scales, bowlers, measuring tackles
- All manuals and guidelines used are based
on those of the National
Standards Commission of Australia and OIML.
3.2 Custodian of National Standards
- Under the NISIT Act 1993, the National Institute
of Standards and Industrial
Technology (NISIT) is responsible for the
maintenance of primary, secondary
and reference of PNG measurement standards,
and from time to time, may
appoint other regulatory authorities as
- custodian of measurement standards of certain
In December 1994, NISIT adopted the Australian
primary standards as PNG
- Under the Trade Measurement Act, the PNG
Consumer Affairs Council is
responsible for the maintenance of Inspectors'
standards pertaining to
mass, volume and length.
3.3 National organisation responsible for maintaining primary standards
- See clause 3.2 above.
3.4 Regional and local verification organisations
- See clause 3.2 above.
- NATA accredited laboratories in Queensland
do also verify metrological
equipment in Papua New Guinea.
3.5 Instrument calibration and evaluation systems
- In Papua New Guinea only NISIT currently
provides basic calibration
services in the fields of mass and thermometry.
- In terms of national measurement standards,
NISIT maintains its standards
against the Australian primary standards
which are in turn calibrated at
the required interval against international
- These are calibration services provided by
overseas agencies such as
FSC and Australian Calibration Service Pty.
Ltd. to organisations in Papua
4. RANGE OF EQUIPMENT SUBJECT TO LEGAL METROLOGY
5. TYPE APPROVAL ( i.e. PATTERN APPROVAL)
- At its present infant stage NISIT is requiring
that patterns must be
approved by NSC of Australia.
6. VERIFICATION (CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT), INSPECTION AND REVERIFICATION
6.1 Legal and technical requirements for verification and reverification
- Similar to clause 6. 1 of Australia's entry
to the Directory.
6.2 Range of equipment verified and reverified and any statistical
- The following types of instruments are tested,
and Table 1 describes
the types and number of legal metrology equipment
used in Papua New Guinea.
- Hopper weighers;
- Master meter
- Vehicle tanks;
- Length measures; and
- weigh bridges.
- Type of instrument
- Total tested
- Bulk weighers
- Flow meters
- Vehicle tanks and dipsticks
- Length measures
- weigh bridges
- weighing Instruments
- Table 1. Type and number of legal metrology
equipment used in Papua
7. ACCRED ITATION AND CERTIFICATION SYSTEMS
7.1 Accreditation systems for legal metrology, calibration and testing
laboratories.Traceability to national, regional, international or foreign
- The proposed Papua New Guinea national certification
system of conformity
under NISIT is to consist of the following
certification and accreditation
- Laboratory Accreditation (PNGLAS);
- Accreditation of Quality Management system IISO 9000 Series);
- Product Certification or Quality Marketing Scheme;
- Accreditation of Environment Management System; and
- Accreditation of Supplier Declaration of
i) PNC Laboratory Accreditation Scheme
- PNGLAS has been in operation since 1983,
through an MOU between NATA
of Australia and National Standards Council
- To-date, a total of 16 testing authorities
in PNC have been accredited.
- ii) PNG : AQMS
- The Papua New Guinea AQM Scheme is yet to
be established. However in
1994, NISIT is undertaking a major National
Drive to promote the concepts
of quality assurance Quality Management Systems
and ISO 9900.
- It is anticipated that the scheme will be
launched in early 1995.
- The calibration system and hierarchy of physical
units and standards
in Papua New Guinea is shown in Figure 1.
8. LEGAL METROLOGY PRACTITIONERS
- In Papua New Guinea, we have only four inspectors
to inspect PNC with
- approaching 4 million.
- This inspection is supported by four standards
officers who have to
undertake weights and measures inspection
as part of their duties; The
four standards officers have been appointed
and gazetted as weights and
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