CHINESE TAIPEI

Surface area: 36 1 69 km2
Population: 21 000 000

1. LAWS OF METROLOGY

Weights and Measures Law:
promulgated in 1928, revised in 1954, 1955 and 1984
Regulations of verification for weights & Measures Instruments:
promulgated in 1987, revised in 1994
Regulations of Administrative Management for weights & Measures
Instruments Enterprises:
promulgated in 1987, revised in 1994
Specifications of Verification for weights & Measures Instruments:
promulgated in 1988, revised in 1994.
Regulations of Type Approval for weights & Measures Instruments:
promulgated in 1987, revised in 1994.

1.1 Legal requirements for traceability

The weights and Measures Law requires that the measurement of a physical quantity for legal purposes be made by means of comparisons with, or derivation from national measurement standards.

2. LEGAL UNITS OF MEASUREMENT

Only SI units and a few traditional units are permitted for official use and in commercial transactions.

3. STRUCTURE OF METROLOGICAL CONTROL AUTHORITIES

3.1 National organization for legal metrology

National Bureau of Standards is the national authority for legal metrology:
National Bureau of Standards (NBS)
Address: 3rd. FI. 185, sec. 2,
Hsin Hai Rd., Taipei,
Taiwan
Telephone: 886-2-7380007
Fax: 886-2-7355769
NBS is in charge of the following matters:
Establishment and implementation of the Chinese national measurement system 
Revision of laws and regulations of weights and measures 
Enforcement of the use of legal measuring units 
Supervision of local verification offices 
Training of weights and measures inspectors 
Establishment and dissemination of national measurement standards and
Formation of Chinese National Laboratory Accreditation system.

3.2 Custodian of national measurement standards

The Custodian of national measurement standards is the National Measurement Laboratory (NML). NML is located in the campus of Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI) and is operated by 1TRI under the contract to NBS. Besides, the standards of ionizing radiation and time/frequency are established and maintained by Institute of Nuclear Energy Research (INER) of Atomic Energy Council and Telecommunication Laboratory (TL) of the Ministry of Transportation and Communications (MOTC) under the contract to NBS, respectively,
National Measurement Laboratory (NML)
Address: 321 Kuang Fu Rd., Sec.2,
Hsinchu, Taiwan
Telephone: 886-35-721 321
Fax: 886-35-71 6231
Institute of Nuclear Energy Research (INER)
Address: PO Box 3-10, Lung-tan, Taiwan
Telephone: 886-2-3145384
Fax: 886-3-4711413
Telecommunication Laboratory (TL)
Address: PO Box 7'l, chung-li, 
Taiwan
Telephone: 886-3-4244440
Fax: 886-3-4244270

3.3 National organization responsible for maintaining primary standards

See clause 3.2

3.4 Regional and local verification organizations

The task of verification and inspection of weights and measures instruments is commissioned to provincial and municipal verification offices. In addition, NBS commissioned Taiwan Electric Research and Testing Center to carry out the verification of watt-hour meters.

3.5 Instrument calibration and evaluation systems

The instruments performance tests of type approval are carried out by NML or the organizations contracted to NBS.
CNLA accredits laboratories which undertake calibration and testing. CNLA has representation on the International Laboratory Accreditation Conference (ILAC) and Asia-Pacific Laboratories Accreditation Cooperation (APLAC). CNLA also promotes the comparison of national measurement standards and mutual recognition with other countries.

4. SCOPE OF INSTRUMENTS SUBJECT TO LEGAL METROLOGICAL CONTROL 

The weights and measures instruments used for trade, public safety, public hygiene and medication purpose must pass verification and be sealed with a verification mark before they can be put on the market and used.
Those instruments which are required to be type approved before submitted for verification should acquire type approval at first place.

5. TYPE APPROVAL ( i.e. PATTERN APPROVAL)

5.1 Legal and technical requirements for type approval

NBS is responsible for the establishment and implementation of the type approval regulations, technical requirements and the administration.
NBS organizes the type approval examination committee to examine the conformity of the appearance, structure and performance test results of the sample instruments against the specifications. The specifications against which a sample instrument is tested agree to the possible extent with OIML international recommendations. Once the type of an instrument has been approved, the NBS issues a certificate of approval and subsequent production instruments made to the type must be marked with the NBS number contained in that certificate.
The range of weights and measures instruments required to be type approved include the following:

5.2 Authority responsible for issuing type approval

NBS is the authority responsible for issuing type approval certificates.

5.3 Recognition/acceptance of OIML certificates

We are currently not a member of OIML and is restrained from understanding the activities of OIML. We would like to have channels to further understand the details of mutual recognition.

5.4 Authority responsible for testing for type approval

NBS is the authority responsible for the type approval, and the performance test is carried out by NML or the organizations contracted to NBS.

5.5 List of major test facilities available

The principle testing facilities operated by the NML and the organizations contracted to NBS are:

5.6 Fee structure

The following fees relate to the usual types of the instruments There are two categories of fees:
Administrative fee
(b) examination fees.
Taximeter
Cold water meter
. material test
. performance test 
. magnetic protection
Electronic scale
NT$1 5,000
NT$J1 25,000
NT$5,420
NT$5,100 ,, NT$37,000 (by diameter) NT$6,200
NT$J1 1 0,000

6. VERIFICATION ICONFORMITY ASSESSMENTI, INSPECTION AND REVERIFICATION

6.1 Legal and technical requirements for verification and reverification

A weights and measures instrument can only be used after it has been verified by verification organizations and sealed with a verification mark. The requirements for verification are as follows:
(1) the instrument must operate within the approximate limits of error that may be tolerated under the weights and Measures Law at verification 
(2) the instrument must be of an approved type, if required and
(3) the instruments must have graduations in SI units under the weights and Measures Law.

6.2 Range of equipment verified and reverified and any statistical information available

The range of equipment tested include the following:
 
Measuring equipment:
taximeter 
Weighing equipment:
balance
weighing bridge, hopper scale, filling scale
platform scale, table scale, auto indicating scale
spring-type scale, hanging scale, electronic scale
counterweight
Thermometer 
Manometer, sphygmomanometer 
Volume measures 
Specific gravity meter 
Watt-hour meter 
Flowmeter for water, petrol, diesel and LPG.

6.3 Fee structure

Fees for verification and reverification vary for different measuring instruments and are stipulated by the regulations.

7. ACCREDITATION AND CERTIFICATION SYSTEMS

7.1 Accreditation systems for legal metrology, calibration and testing laboratories. Traceability to national, regional, international or foreign measurement standards.

There are two principal methods of disseminating standards of measurement which are traceable to Taiwan's primary standards. One of the methods is through CNLA accredits laboratories which is concerned primarily with measurement of a scientific or technical nature, the other method is through the local verification organizations (see clause. 3.4) under Weights and Measures Law.
Second-level standards are maintained by the provincial and municipal verification offices and CNLA registered laboratories. CNLA accreditation of laboratories ensures that calibration/testing, staff and processes meet criteria necessary to ensure traceability.

The hierarchy of physical units and standards is shown in the figure 1 

7.2 Legal and applied metrological activities in products certification

NBS is responsible for the establishment and promotion of the Chinese National Standards ICNS). The manufacturer is licensed to use the CNS Mark on a product as long as the product is in conformity with the related CNS and its quality system passes the audits.

7.3 Legal and applied metrological activities in ISO 9000 quality management system

We have adopted the ISO 9000 series of standards in their entirety as the national quality standards. It was published in 1991 as the CNS 12680.42684. At present, we are aggressively promoting the work of quality management system certification.

8. LEGAL METROLOGY PRACTITIONERS

8. 1 Numbers

There are 15 officers in the Department of Weights & Measures of NBS, 150 inspectors in Provincial and Municipal Verification Offices, and 80 inspectors in Taiwan Electric Research and Testing Center (TERTC).

8.2 Qualification/training

The staff in NBS and in Provincial and Municipal Verification Offices should pass the national examinations.

8.3 Training organizations and courses organised

On-the-job training is conducted by NBS and NML annually.

9. PACKAGING

At present, we are researching the legislative control for packaging. The weights and Measures Law is under review to include related regulations for packaging.

10. SANCTIONS

Under the Weights and Measures Law:

A person who uses weights & measures instruments which do not indicate with legal units is guilty of an offence.

The penalty is from NT$12,000 to NT$60,000.

A person who manufactures, repairs, sells, imports or exports the weights & measures instruments which do not have permission and licensing from NBS is guilty of an offence.

The penalty is from NT$J2,000 to NT$60,000

A person who sells or provides the usage of weights & measures instruments which didn't pass verification is guilty of an offence.

The penalty is from NT$9,000 to NT$45,000.

A person who uses unverified weights & measures instruments in transaction is guilty of an offence.

The penalty is from NT$9,000 to NT$45,000.

A person who refuses the periodic inspection of weights & measures instruments which are used for commercial transactions is guilty of an offence.

The penalty is from NT$3,000 to NT$45,000.

11. ADMINISTRATIVE MANAGEMENT FOR WEIGHTS AND MEASURES INSTRUMENTS ENTERPRISES

NBS issues permits and licences to those who manufacture, repair, sell, import or export weights and measures instruments and records information on instruments manufactured and marketed. In this way, NBS monitors the manufacturing and marketing situation and ensures uniform measurement standards.
The manufacturer or repairer of weights and measures instruments should be equipped with adequate calibration instruments, which must be traceable to national measurement standards.


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