HONG KONG

Surface area: 1 060 km2
Population: 6019900

1. LAWS OF METROLOGY

Weights and Measures Ordinance, Chapter 68, is the only legal metrology legislation in Hong Kong. It provides units and standards of measurement and weighing or measuring equipment used for trade, regulates transactions regarding goods supplied by weight or measure including pre-packed goods, and the enforcement actions.

1.1 Legal requirements for traceability

The weights and Measures Ordinance requires that the measurement of a physical quantity for legal purposes be made by means of derivation from the reference standards of weights and measures maintained by the Standards and Calibration Laboratory, Industry Department, Hong Kong Government.

2. LEGAL UNITS OF MEASUREMENT

The Ordinance prescribes the International System of Units (SI) as the units of reference while permitting the use of British Imperial and Chinese units. The legal units of measurement are defined in the Schedules to the Ordinance.

3. STRUCTURE OF METROLOGICAL CONTROL AUTHORITIES

3.1 National organization for legal metrology

Hong Kong does not have an organization dealing with legal metrology, but in its official contacts with OIML, Hong Kong is represented by the Commissioner of Customs & Excise whose address is:
             Customs &  Excise Department
             Trading Standards Investigation Bureau
             16/F, Trade Department
             700 Nathan Road, Kowloon  
             Hong Kong
             Telephone: 852-3985108
             Fax: 852-3985107
Customs & Excise Department of Hong Kong Government is the authority responsible for enforcing the weights and Measures Ordinance.

3.2 Custodian of National Standards

The Standards and Calibration Laboratory, Industry Department, Hong Kong Government, is the custodian of Hong Kong's reference standards of measurement at the following address:
               Industry Department
               Standards and Calibration Laboratory 36/F, Immigration Tower
               7 GIoucester Road, Wanchai,
               Hong Kong
               Telephone: 852-8294848
               Fax: 852-8241 302

3.3 National organization responsible for maintaining primary standards

Primary standards are held and maintained by the Standards and Calibration Laboratory, Industry Department, Hong Kong Government (see clause 3.21.)

3.4 Regional and local verification organizations

The Trading Standards Investigation Bureau, Customs & Excise Department, Hong Kong Government, is the regulatory body in the field of weights and measures. Authorised officers from the Bureau inspect and verify instruments for use in trade.

3.5 Instrument calibration and evaluation systems

The weights and Measures Ordinance requires the traders to maintain the accuracy of weighing or measuring instruments. They may obtain verification and calibration service for the weighing or measuring equipment from laboratories accredited under the Hong Kong Laboratory Accreditation Scheme(HOKLAS) administered by Industry Department. HOKLAS represents Hong Kong on the International Laboratory Accreditation Conference and has mutual recognition agreements with a number of overseas laboratory accreditation organizations.

4. RANGE OF EQUIPMENT SUBJECT TO LEGAL METROLOGY

In general, nearly all weighing and measuring machines and instruments capable of indicating mass or weight, length, width, height, area, volume, capacity or number of goods in business in Hong Kong are subject to the control of the weights and Measures Ordinance.

5. TYPE APPROVAL ( i.e. PATTERN APPROVAL)

Hong Kong does not have type approval requirements.

6. VERIFICATION (CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT), INSPECTION AND REVERIFICATION

Hong Kong does not have requirements for verification, inspection and reverification in respect of legal metrology.

7. ACCREDITATION AND CERTIFICATION SYSTEMS

7.1 Accreditation systems for legal metrology, calibration and testing laboratories. Traceability to national, regional, international or foreign measurement standards

7.2 Legal and applied metrological activities in products certification

There is no legal requirement in Hong Kong for weighing or measuring equipment used for trade to be certified to internationally recognized standards.

7.3 Legal and applied metrological activities in ISO 9000 quality management systems

Quality certification to ISO 9000 is provided by the government subventd organization, Hong Kong Quality Assurance Agency (HKQAA) and a number of other private organizations. HKQAA's address is:
             Hong Kong Quality Assurance Agency  
             I/F, HKPC Building
             78 Tat Chee Avenue
             Kowloon
             Hong Kong
             Telephone: 852-7885333
             Fax: 852-7885322

8. LEGAL METROLOGY PRACTITIONERS

8.1 Numbers

One chemist and one technical officer are involved in the running of a weights and Measures Laboratory at Government Laboratory. Eleven authorized officers are engaged in inspection and investigation duties.

8.2 Qualification/training

The chemist is an analytical chemist with experience in legal metrology. The technical officer posted to the weights and Measures Laboratory at the Government Laboratory would receive on-the-job training in legal metrology. Authorized officers are public officers authorized by the Commissioner of Customs & Excise under the weights and Measures Ordinance.

8.3 Training organizations and courses organized

Induction courses are conducted by the Customs & Excise Department. Metrology courses are organized by the Government Laboratory.

8.4 Range of functions

The induction course is conducted for authorized officers for discharging the official duties under the weights and Measures Ordinance. The metrology course is designed as part of the induction course.

9. PACKAGING

9.1 Legislative control for packaging

The weights and Measures Ordinance stipulates the requirements for pre-packed goods supplied by weight or measure.

9.2 organization responsible

The enforcement authority is the Trading Standards Investigation Bureau of Customs & Excise Department (see clause 3.1 for address).

10. SANCTIONS

Under the weights and Measures Ordinance:
Section 9. Any person who falsifies, or wilfully or maliciously damages or
                     destroys any   reference standards its an offense.
                     The penalty is a fine of $20,000                         .
             11. Any person who uses for trade unlawful units of measurement
                     commits an offense.
                     The penalty is a fine of $5,000.
             12. If any fraud is committed in the using for trade of any weighing or
                     measuring equipment, the person committing the fraud and any other
                     person who is party thereto commits an offence.
                     The penalty is a fine of $20,000 and 6 months' imprisonment
       13(i). Any person who uses for trade or has in his possession for use for
                     trade:
                     any weighing or measuring equipment which is constructed or adapted
                     to indicate any unit of measurement other than authorized unit 
                     (b) any weighing or measuring equipment which is false ordefective,
                     commits an offence.
                     The penalty is a fine of $20,000.
             14. Any person who manufactures or supplies for use for trade weighing
                     or measuring equipment which is false or defective or does not comply
                     with the Second Schedule or Third Schedule commits an offence.
                     The penalty is a fine of $5,000.
  
             16. Any person who supplies goods by weight or measure otherwise than
                     by net weight, or supplies pre-packed goods without the net weight or
                     measure marked on the container or label commits an offence.
                     The penalty is a fine of $5,000.
             17. Any person who fails to weigh or measure goods sold in the prescribed  
                     manner commits an offence.
                     The penalty is a fine of $5,000,
             18. Any person who supplies goods in the course of trade makes any
                     statement whether orally or in writing or otherwise, which he knows  
                     to be false or misleading as to a material particular regarding the
                     quantity of the   goods supplied commits an offence.
                     The penalty is a fine of $20,000.
             19. Any person who in the course of trade supplies, or causes to be  
                     supplied, to another person any goods by weight, measure or number,
                     short of the quantity purporting to be supplied or less than that which
                     corresponds to   the price charged for those goods, commits an offence.
                     The penalty is a fine of $10,000.
             21. Any person who gives a false warranty as to quantity of goods sold
                     commits an offence.
                     The penalty is a fine of $20,000.
       23(i). Any person who publishes in any advertisement unauthorised unit of
                     measurement commits an offence.
                     The penalty is a fine of $50,000.

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