INDONESIA

Surface Area: 8 400 000 km2

Population : 1 80 000 000


1. LAWS OF METROLOGY

There is only one metrology law, namely the Legal Metrology Lgw No. 2, 1981, which is used as a basis of legal metrology activities. This law is a substitute for the Verification Law No. 175, 1949 which no longer conforms to the present condition.

In taking measures against criminal act in weights and measures, besides the legal Metrology Law is also enforced the Criminal Law of Articles: 255, 258 and 259,

On the basis of Legal Metrology Law were issued Government Decrees:

  1. 1. Government Decree No. 2, 1985 concerning Measuring Instruments subject to verification
  2. 2. Government Decree No. 10, 1987 concerning Legal Units of Measurement
  3. 3. Government Decree No. 2, 1989 concerning National Standards for Measurement Units and
  4. 4. President Decree No. 7, 1989 concerning the National Standardization Council.

1.1 Legal requirements for traceability

The Legal Metrology Lgw No. 2, 1981, Government Regulation No. 2, 1989 and President Decree No. 7, 1989 require that the measurement of physical quantity for legal purposes be made by means of, reference to, comparison with, or derivation from, specified standards of measurement.

2. LEGAL UNITS OF MEASUREMENT

Based on the Legal Metrology Law, legal units applied are SI units.

Government Decree No. 10, 1987 regulates and specifies the SI units into:

  1. 1. Basic units
  2. 2. Derived units
  3. 3. Supplementary units and
  4. Other units outside SI units which are approved and used along with SI units.

3. STRUCTURE OF METROLOGICAL CONTROL AUTHORITIES

3.1 National organisation for legal metrology

The Directorate of Metrology

Jalan Pasteur No. 27 - Bandung 40171  
Indonesia  
Telephone: (022) 420 7066 (hunting)  
Fax:             (022) 420 7035  

3.2 Custodian of National Standard

The custodians of national standards of measurement are:

DOM produces a number of publications on particular legal aspects of physical quantities, DOM provides Indonesian representation on CGPM, CIPM and consultative committees.

3.3 National organisation responsible for maintaining primary standard.

The Indonesian primary standards are held and maintained by Research & Development Center, Calibration, Instrumentation and Metrology, Indonesian Science Institute and Directorate of Metrology at the Department of Commerce.

3.4 Regional and local verification organizations

Indonesia has 27 provinces and more than 290 territories.

Each of the province and 28 territories have regulatory bodies in the field of weights and measures, usually wi thin the organization of Ministry of Trade Affairs. Inspectors from these organizations inspect and verify instruments for use for trade.

3.5 Instruments calibration and evaluation systems

The Directorate of Metrology maintains a testing and calibration laboratory for pattern approval testing of trade measurement instruments.

National Accreditation Committee/Board (KAN), accredits laboratories in industries, educational institutes, semi-government organizations and other testing procedures for which officially recognised certificates are issued.

4. RANGE OF EQUIPMENT SUBJECT TO LEGAL METROLOGY

Legal metrology measuring instruments intended for trade use and covered by the technical measurement regulation, must have approval issued by the Directorate of Metrology before they can be installed and verified.

5. TYPE APPROVAL (i.e. PATTERN APPROVAL)

5.1 Legal and technical requirement for type approval

DOM has the responsibility of ensuring that the design of the measuring instrument meets certain criteria to ensure accurate measurements.

DOM carries out this responsibility by examining the design of measuring instruments and testing samples.

Pattern approval equipment is contained in the Director's Decree listed below:

5.2 Authority responsible for issuing approval

The Directorate of Metrology is the authority responsible for issuing type approval certificate for trade measuring instrument.

5.3 Recognition/acceptance of OIML certificates

Indonesia has not negotiated yet with any member state to apply the OIML certificate scheme at the present moment as this is beyond DOM 's laboratory capability.

5.4 Authority responsible for testing for type approval

The Directorate of Metrology is the authority responsible for testing for type approval.

5.5 List of major test facilities available

The principal testing facilities operated by the Directorate of Metrology are:

5.6 Fee structure

The following relate to the usual patterns of the instrument. There are two categories of fees

(a) administration fees, and

(b) examination fees.

Examination fees vary according to the type of instrument being tested. For example

Simple Component
Rp 500
Weighing Instrument: mechanical
Capacity: 1 000 kg - 3 000 kg
Rp 5,000
Weighing Instrgent: electronic
e.g weigh bridges
Capacity :1 000 kg- 3 000 kg
Rp 8,000
Taxi Meter
Rp 3,500
  

6. VERIFICATION ICONFORMITY ASSESSMENT) INSPECTION AND REVERIFICATION

6.1 Legal and technical requirements for verification and reverification

A measuring instrument can only be used for trade after it has been verified by a State trade measurement inspector or a liciensed certifier and marked with an inspector's mark or certifier's mark.

The requirements for verification are as follows:

(a) the instrument must operate within the appropriate limits of error that may be tolerated under the Law on Legal Metrology 1981:

(b) the instrument must be of an approved pattern and

(c) the instrument must have no graduations in a unit of measurement other than a unit of measurement under the metric system of measurement within the meaning of the National Measurement Act.

6.2 Range of equipment and any statistical information available

The range of equipment tested include the following:

DOM has requested the province and sub-province authorities to provide statistical information on instruments verified and re-verified.

6.3 Fee structure

Fees for verification and reverification are uniform between province and sub-province.

7. ACCREDITATION AND CERTIFICATION SYSTEM

7.1 Accreditation syslems for legal melrology, calibration and testing laboratories.Tracealbility to national, regional, international or foreign measurement standards.

There are two principal methods of disseminating standards of measurement which are traceable to the Indonesian primary standards.

The first method is through the National Accreditation Board (KAN), which is concerned with measurements of a scientific and technical nature, and the second is through the regional off ce of the Directorate of Metrology.

The National Standardisation Board (DSN) has not yet defined a hierarchy of standards for each of its legally defined units.

7.2 Legal and applied metrological activities in products certification

7.3 Leg 11 and applied metrological activities in ISO 9000 quality management systems

Indonesia has adopted the ISO 9000 quality management system in their entirety as the national quality standards. 1t was published in Indonesia as SNI 19-9000 in 1991.

Quality certification to ISO 9000 is provided by KAN (National Accreditation Committee). There are currently two organisations accred ited under this scheme.

8. LEGAL METROLOGY PRACTITIONERS

8.1 Numbers

35 engineers and scientists and technical officers involved in testing and type approval functions at the Directorate of Metrology.

364 province and sub-province trade measurement inspectors.

8.2 Qualification/training

The Metrology Inspectors are graduates from the Academy of Metrology or the Verification Officer Training Course.

8.3 Trainlng organisations and courses organised

The Metrology Training Centre has the function to undertake the following courses:

8.4 Range of functions

The courses are at three levels as mentioned above.

9. PACKAGING

9. 1 Legislative control for packaging

The Law on Legal Metrology 1981 includes packaging regulations.

9.2 Organisation responsible

DOM and various provinces and sub-provinces administer the above legislation.

10. SANCTIONS

Under the Law on Legal Metrology 1981:

Article 32:

  1. Anyone doing any of the conducts referred to in Articles 25, 26, 27 and 28 of this Law shall be sentenced to imprisonment for a maximum of 1(one)year and /or fined to pay a maximum of Rp.1,000,000(one million Rupahs).
  2. Anyone doing any of the conducts referred to in Articles 30 and 31 of this Law shall be sentenced to imprisonment for a maximum term of 6 (six) months and/or fined to pay a maximum amount of Rp.500,000 (five hundred thousand Rupiahs).
  3. A violation against any of the provisions stipulated in Article 22, 23 and points (1) and (3) of Article 29 of this Law shall be sentenced to imprisonment for a maximum term of 6 (six) months and/or fined to pay a maximum amount of Rp.500,000 (five hundred thousand Rupiahs).

Article 33:

  1. Theconducts referred to in points (1) and (2) of Article 32 criminal offences.
  2. The conducts referred to in points (3) of Article 32 are violation against statutory regulations.
  3. Any goods which are an evidence of a criminal offence and/or a violation against regulation may be held for the Government's interest.

Article 34:

(1) If a criminal offence of a violation against statutory regulations which is indictable under tt!is Law is done by a natural person, charges and/or punishment shall be made against/or to:

(1)its members of the board of management, if the legal person is a company
(2) its active partners, if the legal person is a firm/partnership
(3)its members of the board of management, if the legal person is a
foundation/institute/non-profit making body
(4) its representative or agent in Indonesia, if its head office is located outside
the territory of the Republic of Indonesia.

(2) A conduct referred to in point (1) of this Article shall be inciuded in all conducts done by the legal person's management members, employees of agents which are working/acting for and on behalf of the legal person concerned.

(3) If a person referred to in (a), (b), (c) and (d) of point (1) above of this Article is found not guilty in the conduct, the charges and punishment shall be made against, and to those who lead to commit, ask others to commit or due to their fault, has caused such a criminal offence or violation against statutory regulations.

(4) If the conduct of anyone referred to in point (2) of this Article arises any financial obligation, such an obligation shall become the responsibility of the naturai person concerned.

(5) If the conduct referred to in point (1) of this Article is done by other natural person who is acting for and on behalf of the natural person concerned, the provisions of in (a), (b), (c) and (d) of point (1) above of this Article shall also be applicable to the other natural person.

Article 35:

(1) Any instrument for measuring dimension and content and of weight which is held but not confiscated shall not be returned to the rightful owner before, for his/her/its account, such an instrument being calibrated or recalibrated.

(2) Confiscation shall be done in compliance with the rules under the applicable Rules of Criminal Procedure.


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